Arthritis is a condition characterized by inflammation and swelling of the joint lining and degeneration of the cartilage. Fluid usually accumulates in the joints. Arthritis can affect the big toe joint, causing pain and reduced motion. A bunion-like protrusion also may be present. There are a variety of surgical procedures to treat this condition. They include:
Keller bunionectomy. In this surgery, the base of the bone is removed and fibrous tissue fills in the space. You may have to wear a splint or special shoe for several weeks.
Arthroplasty with joint implantation. In some cases, the joint can be repaired. With sever joint degeneration, a procedure called arthroplasty with joint implantation is required. The joint is removed and replaced with either a one-piece or two-piece implant..