The most common cause of heel pain comes from moving your foot incorrectly while walking or running. This can be place too much stress on the heel bone and the soft tissue around it. The result is pain.
The way you move your foot can be affected by:
You may have a plantar fasciitis, a common cause of heel pain. This is an inflammation of the plantar fascia, the band of connective tissue that runs from the heel to the ball of the foot and supports the arch of the foot. Excessive walking, running, or jumping flattens and lengthens the plantar fascia. Eventually, the stress can cause small tears in the plantar fascia. When you are off your feet, the plantar fascia rests. When you stand or take a few steps, a sudden strain is put on that and of tissue and it hurts. Although the pain may subside as you walk, plantar fasciitis can be serious.
A heel spur is a bony growth on the underside of the heel. Plantar fasciitis often results in heel spurs. Some heel spurs are painless. Others can cause chronic pain. If necessary, medical treatment can be recommended to reduce the pain.